There are quite a few hunting hounds of Russian origin, but among them, only the Russian Hound and the Russian Harlequin Hound are well-known outside their native country.
Russian Hound History
The Russian Hound originated in its namesake country and has been around since the late 18th century. These scent hounds often worked together with Borzoi sighthounds. The Russian Hound would locate and flush game into the open, where the Borzoi would then take chase.
Selective breeding in the early 20th century led to the standardization of the breed in 1925.
Russian Hound Temperament
Russian Hounds are intelligent, alert, and active dogs. They are excellent hunters and loyal family pets. These friendly pups enjoy being surrounded by their people and generally get along well with other dogs. Though intense when working, they are calm and balanced when at home (as long as they get enough exercise).
Russian Hound Care
Russian Hounds thrive on a high-quality diet formulated for their activity level, breed size, and life stage (e.g., puppy, adult, senior). To help them maintain a healthy weight, keep a careful eye on their food intake—including treats. As a rule, treats should make up no more than 10% of their calories.
The Russian Hound’s grooming needs are relatively minimal. The breed’s short coat needs brushing once or twice a week to remove loose or dead hair. Ear cleanings, nails trims, and regular teeth brushing are also essential elements of any dog’s home-care routine.
Russian Hounds are active and energetic dogs, and they should get at least an hour of exercise a day. Besides long walks and hikes, this breed likes to run and play with family or other dogs in a fenced back yard.
Like many hounds, the Russian Hound is an intelligent dog that can have a stubborn streak. As such, the breed responds best to positive reinforcement using treats or favorite toys as rewards. It also helps to keep training sessions short and fun to prevent your Russian Hound from getting bored.